Vessel is a large and solid ship, suitable for important sailing. The vessel is designed under the following conditions: buoyancy, resistance, tightness, navigability and stability. The word is of French origin “buc” which means “trunk” .
The vessels are boats that have a sturdy hull, which is the envelope of the ship, built in order to favor its speed and provide the best qualities to comply with navigation, for its part it has a wide deck and accommodation which allows navigations for a long time.
The main function of vessels is the transport or transfer of people, loads and execution of special tasks. Despite this, there are different types of vessels according to the functions they perform and, by the method they use for their operation:
- Steam vessel: consists of a boiler, turbine or steam engine and a water-cooled densifier.
- Propeller vessel: requires a propeller for its movements.
- Oceanographic vessel: is responsible for conducting scientific research in seas and oceans, such as: study of temperature, direction and characteristics of sea currents, meteorological observations, among others.
- Flagship: ship in which the commander of a naval squad or a division travels.
- School ship: he who uses the navy to train, exercise and advise future guards.
The merchant vessel, also known as a cargo ship, as indicated by its name is responsible for transporting goods, goods and materials from one port to another. These types of ships have cranes in their structure to facilitate loading and unloading.
Within the merchant ships the oil tanker can be mentioned, which is in charge of moving oil and products derived from it.
The warship is designed to confront a warlike confrontation. Warships have a weapon system and are designed to be faster, withstand damage due to the constant attack by the enemy.
Occasionally, merchant ships become warships, are equipped with weapons, ready to join the Armed Forces team of their country.