UNICEF [abbreviation for U nited N ations I nternational C hildren’s E mergency F and English; “The United Nations Fund for International Children’s Emergency Relief”], since 1953 official name United Nations Children’s Fund [ju na ɪ t ɪ d ne ɪ ʃ nz t ʃ ɪ ldrənz f ʌ nd, English], Children’s Fund of the United Nations, founded in 1946 U.N. -Specialist body, seat: New York; Originally set up to help children affected by World War II, it continued the activities of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), which had been discontinued in 1946. In 1953 UNICEF was established as a permanent UN body and works closely with numerous UN organizations, v. a. UNDP, UNESCO and WHO, the respective governments, non-governmental organizations and the UN Children’s Rights Committee, which reviews the government reports of the signatory states on the situation of children in the respective country. Defined by AbbreviationFinder, UNICEF is active in over 150 countries, helping children and women in the areas of health care, family planning, water supply and disposal, hygiene, education, nutrition and emergency aid. Convention on the Rights of the Child) of November 12, 1989, with which the rights of the child were comprehensively anchored with worldwide validity, UNICEF is also increasingly committed to protecting children from sexual exploitation, combating child labor and banning landmines. UNICEF also supports governments in implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child. A review of the targets was carried out at a UN special general assembly in May 2002; At the same time, an action plan for “A Child-Friendly World” was adopted.
UNICEF is headed by the Administrative Board with 36 members. There are seven regional offices worldwide, the supply center in Copenhagen, a research center in Florence and the European office in Geneva. Worldwide, UNICEF (2017) has more than 7,000 full-time employees in 34 national committees in addition to many voluntary workers, the majority of them in developing countries. The German Committee for UNICEF (based in Cologne) celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2003. UNICEF is largely financed by donations and sales (including greeting cards) as well as voluntary government contributions. – In 1965 UNICEF received the Nobel Peace Prize.
Special organs and organizations affiliated with the UN: Special organs (auxiliary and special organs) include: the UNICEF Children’s Fund, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the World Trade Conference (UNCTAD), the World Development Program (UNDP) and the UN Environment Program (UNEP).
Intergovernmental organizations in association with the United Nations are independent international organizations linked to UN organs through agreements and coordination organs. A distinction must be made between the specialized organizations whose areas of activity, in accordance with Article 57 of the UN Charter, coincide with those of the Economic and Social Council, and the affiliated organizations that have a special contractual relationship with the UN. The specialized agencies include: the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, IBRD), the International Development Association (IDA), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the International Labor Organization (ILO), the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the International Maritime Organization ( International Maritime Organization, IMO), the International Telecommunication Union (International Telecommunication Union, ITU), the Organization for Education, Science, Culture and Communication ( UNESCO), the Organization for Industrial Development (UNIDO), the Universal Postal Union (UPU), the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). Affiliated organizations are: the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO ) and the International Criminal Court (ICC). Despite extensive contacts, there is (so far) no contractual agreement on cooperation between the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the UN.