The section of the trunk that is under the earth and that is linked to the roots is called a strain. The most common use of the notion refers specifically to the trunk of the vine and, by extension, to the entirety of this plant that has the grape as its fruit.
The vine is a genus that has several species and that belongs to the family group of Vitáceas. These are climbing plants, with knotty and flexible stems. The vine shoots emerge from the vine, which are the branches from which the bunches of grapes sprout.
It is possible to differentiate between strains table (offering the grapes intended for direct consumption or obtaining raisins) and strains of wine (grapes used in making wine).
According to DigoPaul, the various varieties of wine are often called strains. That drink produced with 80% or more of the same strain is called varietal. The combination of strains, on the other hand, leads to assembly.
According to its strain, the wine has a flavor, a texture and an aroma that distinguish it from the rest. Cabernet sauvignon, chardonnay, malbec, merlot, pinot noir, syrah, tempranillo and torrontés are some of the most popular strains.
In Spain the strains that have achieved greater prominence are the following:
-Bobal, which is the second most cultivated in the country and is found, above all, in Albacete, Utiel-Requena and Cuenca. These strains are located at a good altitude and have a medium size.
-Tempranillo, which is the most widespread in Spain and can be found in places like Catalonia, Castilla la Mancha, La Rioja or Burgos.
-Inked garnacha, which has the particularity that it is very resistant to the most adverse environmental conditions. It can be found in Catalonia, Madrid, Toledo, La Rioja, Zaragoza and Navarra.
-Mencía, which is what allows the existence of denominations of origin of wines from Bierzo and Valdeorras. It is found, above all, in the area of León, Galicia and Zamora.
In the same way, it should not be overlooked that the term in question has been used to give a name to a series of wines. We are referring to what have been called Old Strains. They belong to the El Bierzo (León) area and can be found in the market in different varieties.
We must also highlight the existence of Bodegas Cepa 21, which belongs to the Moro family and is located in Castilla y León. It is defined by offering wines of character, personality and high quality.
In the field of biology, it is said that organisms that have a common ancestry and maintain a certain kinship are strains. In this sense, it is possible to speak of strains of viruses or bacteria, for example.
CEPA is also the name given to the Andalusia Prevention and Insertion Collective as well as the Adult Education Centers.