The pig is a mammalian animal that can be found in the wild or domestic. The scientific name of the species in its natural state is Sus scrofa and it is colloquially known as wild boar or wild pig; while those specimens that have been domesticated are called Sus scrofa domestica.
It is a quadruped with short legs and hooves, a heavy body, a flexible snout and a short tail. It should be noted that the term pig comes from bristle, which refers to its thick hair.
In freedom, these animals can live up to fifteen years, however, since humans appropriate their lives and exploit them for the consumption of their meat, in captivity they do not reach 5 or 6 years of life, hopefully, because many of them are murdered before reaching one year of life.
The exploitation of these animals is not only reduced to meat but also includes their leather, for the manufacture of footwear, suitcases and clothing and their bristles for the manufacture of brushes.
According to DigoPaul, pigs can be called by different names: suckling pigs (when they are still suckling), pigs (pigs fed for slaughter), piglets (male pigs or, in certain countries, pigs that are still sucking), pigs (fattened pigs) or pigs (synonymous with pig in various nations). A herd is a group of pigs.
Due to their habit of wallowing in the mud, the term pig is often used to refer to people with poor hygiene or unpleasant habits. For example. “Don’t be a pig and chew with your mouth closed”, “Juan is sane, he always spits when he speaks. “
The intelligence of pigs
In oriental culture, pigs occupy an important place; they are considered highly sincere animals with astonishing intellectual capacity. For all this, within eastern mythology, these animals stand out for their intelligence and ancestral value.
If we refer to the literature, it will suffice to approach the reading of “Rebellion on the farm” by George Orwell, where these animals are the ones who run the government, that is, he takes these animals as true models of social and political organization.
According to various scientific studies, the pig is one of the most intelligent animals that exist and is characterized by being extremely curious and intuitive; his intelligence is even believed to be superior to that of an average three-year-old human child.
With respect to other animals, such as dogs, it is known that they can be more intelligent and just as loving and loyal. In addition, in a natural state they can develop extremely complex social capacities, being not only playful and mischievous but also protective and create bonds with other living beings in a natural way. In addition, they are capable not only of making their beds and finding the best portion of food, but also of playing video games and leading highly complex social lives.
When it comes to their memory, they are known to possess excellent long-term recall abilities, not only their names but also commands and voices. In fact, in a study conducted by Dr. Curtis he was able to teach several pigs to jump and sit next to or go in search of an object that he had previously thrown, even being able to distinguish between different objects.
Unfortunately, humans think only of ourselves and our pleasures and instead of approaching the rest of the species with the desire to know them and establish relationships with them, we prefer to take from them what we believe is convenient for us, using the rest of the living organisms to our craving as if they were objects. And this is what we do with these precious animals, since instead of learning from them, we prefer to relegate them to a crowded life to turn them into our food. In “Farm Rebellion” we could read between the lines a treatise on vegetarianism, despite this, most human people today continue with their carnivorous diets.