What is Carbonization?
Carbonization is a transformation process by which organic substances, found in the Earth’s crust, can increase their carbon levels.
In the carbonization process, substances, such as plant or animal fossils that have accumulated in the soil for thousands of years, slowly lose components such as hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen, but they gain carbon.
Also, this process is related to extreme pyrolysis, which is the chemical decomposition of organic elements at high temperatures and without oxygen, through which the elements undergo both chemical and physical changes, and from which carbon is obtained.
However, in addition to carbon, fossil fuel can also be obtained, such as coke, which is made up of 95% carbon and is generated by the decomposition of various concentrated organic substances in the soil layers.
Carbonization is a complex process in which different rapid reactions take place at the same time, including an exothermic chemical reaction, which is one that releases energy and is used in the carbonization of wood.
In this case, the wood receives a very high temperature, after which it gives off energy and as a result the wood breaks and charcoal is obtained.